A "Committee of Eleven" one delegate from each state represented met from July 2 to 16  to work out a compromise on the issue of representation in the federal legislature.
This position reflected the belief that the states were independent entities and, as they entered the United States of America freely and individually, remained so. Generally favoring the less-populous states, it used the philosophy of English Whigs such as Edmund Burke to rely on received procedure and William Blackstone to emphasize sovereignty of the legislature.
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.
The New Jersey plan was put forward in response to the Virginia Plan. Taft eventually acknowledged his error, but did not think it was important, and Hoover did not retake the oath. Of the thirty-nine signers, Benjamin Franklin summed up, addressing the Convention: The suit distinguishes between the words spoken by the administrator, which must conform to the exact 35 words of the Constitution, and the president, who has a right to add a personal prayer, such as "So help me God.
Roosevelt has recited the codicil, it is likely that the majority of presidents-elect have uttered the phrase  as well as some vice presidents, while taking their oaths. Details were attended to, and further compromises were effected. It was prescribed even earlier under the various first state constitutions  as well as by the Second Continental Congress in In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United States.
Arthurreported that he responded to the question of accepting the oath with the words, "I will, so help me God". The earliest known source indicating Washington added "So help me God" to his acceptance, not to the oath, is attributed to Washington Irvingaged six at the time of the inauguration, and first appears 65 years after the event.
Overall, the report of the committee conformed to the resolutions adopted by the Convention, adding some elements. This was the first and to date only time a woman administered the oath of office.
The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. Hughes administered the oath of office to Lyndon B. Towards the end of July, and with eleven states then having ratified, the process of organizing the new government began.
A twenty-three article plus preamble constitution was presented. Evidence is lacking to support the claim that presidents between Washington and Abraham Lincoln used the phrase "So help me God.
The dispute over additional powers for the central government was close, and in some states ratification was effected only after a bitter struggle in the state convention itself.
Overall, the presidential oath has been administered by 15 Chief Justices one of whom— William Howard Taft —was also a former presidentone Associate Justicefour federal judgestwo New York state judges, and one notary public.
On June 13, the Virginia resolutions in amended form were reported out of committee. The President, Vice President and all civil officers of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
InChief Justice John G. After several days of debate, Congress voted to transmit the document to the thirteen states for ratification according to the process outlined in its Article VII. Their depth of knowledge and experience in self-government was remarkable.
Each state legislature was to call elections for a "Federal Convention" to ratify the new Constitution, rather than consider ratification itself; a departure from the constitutional practice of the time, designed to expand the franchise in order to more clearly embrace "the people".
This numerical discrepancy results chiefly from two factors: The frame of government itself was to go into force among the States so acting upon the approval of nine i.
Recalling the incident, Taft wrote, "When I was sworn in as president by Chief Justice Fuller, he made a similar slip," and added, "but in those days when there was no radio, it was observed only in the Senate chamber where I took the oath.
Some delegates left before the ceremony, and three others refused to sign. However, the initial meeting of each chamber of Congress had to be adjourned due to lack of a quorum.
Robertswhile administering the oath to Barack Obamaincorrectly recited part of the oath. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President.
There were sectional interests to be balanced by the Three-Fifths Compromise ; reconciliation on Presidential term, powers, and method of selection; and jurisdiction of the federal judiciary.
Inwhen President William Howard Taft was sworn in, Chief Justice Melville Fuller misquoted the oath, but the error was not publicized at the time.
But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice President.I.
“Love Will Make You Do Wrong” In the waning days of President Barack Obama’s administration, he and his wife, Michelle, hosted a farewell party, the full import of which no one could then. United States Government.
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Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows.
The oath of office of the President of the United States is the oath or affirmation that the President of the United States takes after assuming the presidency but before carrying out any duties of the office.
The wording of the oath is specified in Article II, Section One, Clause 8, of the United States Constitution. This clause is one of two oath or.
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