Those living in "slave-like conditions" increased 10 percent in the same time period to 1. Without an education, the children of the cocoa farms have little hope of ever breaking the cycle of poverty. Frosty pod rot has devastated the Mexican cocoa crop in the past.
The implementation of these changes requires area specific programs with as their common goal increased economic and environmentally sustainable cocoa production on less land.
Today, however, the production and consumption of this sweet treat is a complex world trade network Unsurprisingly, most of the top 10 cocoa-producing countries come from warm, wet climates similar to where the bean originated.
The bulk of the criticism has been directed towards practices in Ivory Coast. It is thought that in the short run higher cocoa prices and improved management including pest and disease control and to a certain extent fertilizer use offer scope for a larger cocoa output. The major causes of low yield are a high incidence of pests and diseases, the old age of cocoa farms and lack of soil nutrients.
In the more distant future the predicted climatic change and increased land use for food production will reduce the size of the cocoa area and affect the leading position of West Africa on the world cocoa market. Nowhere is this more evident than Brazila country whose cocoa production has dipped consistently in the last few years.
Are the Labels on Chocolate Meaningful? Another, similarly spelled plant, coca, from which cocaine is produced, grows well in similar climates and fetches a much higher price, forcing cocoa farmers out of business. He filmed illegal child labor on these farms, including those certified by UTZ and Rainforest Alliance.
All too Easy to find.
Despite their role in contributing to child labor, slavery, and human trafficking, the chocolate industry has not taken significant steps to remedy the problem. We look at the nations that lead the world in cocoa production. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organizationthese are the top cocoa producers in the world: Chocolate is made from cocoa beans, which, logically, grow on cacao trees.
Other than a few exceptions which are explainedwe encourage people not to purchase chocolate that is sourced from Western Africa. They are kept out of school because families need their help on the farms,  and hour workdays  make it difficult to attend school.
Inthe founders of the fair trade certification process had to suspend several of their Western African suppliers due to evidence that they were using child labor. Child labour The International Labour Organization ILO defines child labor as work that "is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; by obliging them to leave school prematurely; or by requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.
When they tried, they were severely beaten. I had seen others who tried to escape. The entire process requires the labored contribution of a variety of workers, from the farmer who owns the fields, to his laborers who may be family members in most casesto others in the village who harvest pods to ferment seeds at the same time, to the local buyers, and the middlemen between these purchasers and the exporters who finally get the crop to an export ship.
Poor management of the cocoa crop has led to a dire situation:Although cocoa production continues to expand in Asia, Central and South America, two-thirds of the world’s cocoa supply comes from Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana alone.
Between andWest Africa lost million hectares of forest to cocoa cultivation, which has caused serious soil degradation, water insecurity and crop failures. Based on this forecast the total cocoa production will be about 4, tons inwith a supply deficit oftons.
If West Africa wishes to maintain its present world market share a 10 percent increase in production is needed in the next decade. Unsurprisingly, most of the top 10 cocoa-producing countries come from warm, wet climates similar to where the bean originated.
However, nations across four continents make the top 10, and the largest contingent does not comes from the Americas, with four of the top five nations found in Africa. TOPICAL RESEARCH DIGEST: HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONTEMPORARY SLAVERY Forced Child Labor and Cocoa Production in West Africa.
By Marjie Sackett. The cocoa industry has profited from the utilization of forced labor in West Africa. The production of cocoa begins in the tropical regions around the Equator, where the hot and humid climate is well suited for growing cocoa trees.
70% of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon. The Cocoa Industry in West Africa: A history of exploitation 2 Contents page Executive summary 3 1. History of commercial cocoa cultivation 5 2.
Farming methods in the production of cocoa 10 3. Marketing structures in West Africa 19 4. Liberalisation and marketing structures 23 5. World trade in cocoa 33 6.
Fairtrade and cocoa 40 7.Download